NFR Part of the non-financial-report

Information on EU taxonomy

Aims of the EU taxonomy

As a community of states, the European Union (EU) has set itself the aim of becoming climate neutral by 2050. Within the scope of the EU Action Plan on Sustainable Finance, the channelling of capital flows into sustainable is a key objective. In order to support this goal, the EU Taxonomy Regulation came into force in mid-2020. It is a uniform and legally binding classification system that defines which business activities in the EU can be deemed “environmentally sustainable”. Company-specific reports on the results of this classification must be reported annually. In June 2021, the final classifications for environmentally sustainable business activities were published for the first two of the six environmental targets. The following six environmental targets are listed in Section 9 of the Taxonomy Regulation:

  • Climate change mitigation
  • Climate change adaptation
  • Sustainable use and protection of water and marine resources
  • Transition to a circular economy
  • Pollution prevention and control
  • Protection and restoration of biodiversity and ecosystems

The EU has currently published requirements for sustainable business activities under the EU taxonomy (EU catalogue) for the two environmental targets of “Climate change mitigation” and “Climate change adaptation”. The description of the business activity in the delegated acts determines which business activities can generally be considered.

Classification of business activities

With regard to the classification of a business activity as “environmentally sustainable” under the EU taxonomy, it is necessary to distinguish between taxonomy eligibility and taxonomy alignment. The first step is to check whether a business activity is described in the delegated act and thus taxonomy-eligible. Only taxonomy-eligible business activities can be classed as “environmentally sustainable” if certain criteria are fulfilled. Consequently, the second step is to evaluate whether the technical screening criteria are fulfilled in order to be classified as taxonomy-aligned.

In accordance with relief granted by the EU, only the proportions of taxonomy-eligible and taxonomy-non-eligible business activities for , capital expenditure and operating expenses have to be disclosed for the 2021 reporting year. All fully consolidated affiliates are included in this analysis.

Definition of revenue according to the Taxonomy Regulation

Revenue includes the income disclosed in accordance with International Accounting Standard () 1, Paragraph 82(a) within the meaning of Regulation (EC) No. 1126/2008.

Definition of capital expenditure (CapEx) according to the Taxonomy Regulation

The basis for measuring capital expenditure is additions to property, plant and equipment and intangible assets during the financial year in question before depreciation and amortisation, and any remeasurements for the financial year in question and fair value changes. This also includes additions to property, plant and equipment and intangible assets resulting from business combinations (application of [IAS 16, 38, 40, 41, IFRS 16] and national accounting policies). Acquired goodwill is not taken into account. Investments in non-current assets that are classified as for sale or for distribution are only accounted for until the first time the relevant classification is made.

Definition of operating expenses (OpEx) according to the Taxonomy Regulation

The basis for measuring operating expenses is the direct, non-capitalised cost for research and development, building renovation measures, short-term leases, maintenance and repairs, and any other direct expenditure for the day-to-day servicing of assets of property, plant and equipment by the company or by third parties that are necessary to guarantee the continued and effective operation of these facilities.

Taxonomy-eligible business activities of the HHLA Group

Analysis of business activities

As a result of Section 289b (1) HGB, Hamburger Hafen und Logistik AG (HHLA) is obliged to comply with the requirements set out in the Taxonomy Regulation. Pursuant to Section 315e (1) HGB, the consolidated financial statements of HHLA are prepared in accordance with IFRS as at the closing date. The amounts used to calculate the relevant key performance indicators (KPIs) for revenue ( KPI), capital expenditure (CapEx KPI) and operating expenses (OpEx KPI) are based on the figures reported in the consolidated financial statements.

The taxonomy-eligible business activities for the “climate change mitigation” and “climate change adaptation” targets can be found in the annexes to the Delegated Regulation (EU) of the Commission supplementing Regulation (EU) 2020/852.

HHLA business activities deemed taxonomy-eligible are to be attributed to the environmental target of climate change mitigation and focus on:

  • 6.2 Freight rail transport
  • 6.6 Freight transport services by road
  • 6.14 Infrastructure for rail transport
  • 6.16 Infrastructure enabling low-carbon water transport
  • 7.7 Acquisition and ownership of buildings

The taxonomy-eligible activities of container transport by rail and road, including the inland , are carried out by HHLA’s companies.

The Group’s business activities in container handling and the operation of HHLA seaport terminals were classed as taxonomy-eligible as these activities facilitate low-carbon water transport.

In the Real Estate segment, the ownership or acquisition of property was classed as taxonomy-eligible. Real estate owned and let by HHLA primarily covers the Speicherstadt historical warehouse district and Hamburg’s fish market district.

Activities in the fields of consulting, automation, container repair and project logistics were mainly classed as taxonomy-non-eligible.

Collection of key figures

Based on this complete analysis of business activities, the proportion of taxonomy-eligible revenue, capital expenditure and operating expenses of HHLA in the respective totals for the 2021 financial year is stated. When compiling the KPIs, materiality thresholds were set for the consideration of individual economic activities.

Key figures on the taxonomy eligibility of the HHLA Group

as of 31.12.2021




not taxonomy-eligible



96.0 %


4.0 %

Investments (CapEx)


92.4 %


7.6 %

Operating expenses (OpEx)


92.3 %


7.7 %

The calculated KPIs show that HHLA’s business activities can make a major contribution to climate change mitigation.

From the 2022 financial year onwards, even more extensive analyses will be necessary to fulfil specific criteria with regard to the business activities identified. In addition to the evaluation with regard to alignment criteria, these include an assessment of whether the taxonomy-eligible business activities make a material contribution to an environmental target defined by the Taxonomy Regulation and whether any other environmental target is significantly impeded. Furthermore, the fulfilment of minimum social standards in line with the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises, the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights, the ILO Core Labour Standards and the International Bill of Human Rights must be ensured.


Payments for investments in property, plant and equipment, investment property and intangible assets.


Revenue from sales or lettings and from services rendered, less sales deductions and VAT.


International accounting standards.


International financial reporting standards.


Revenue from sales or lettings and from services rendered, less sales deductions and VAT.


In maritime logistics, a terminal is a facility where freight transported by various modes of transport is handled.

Intermodal/Intermodal systems

Transportation via several modes of transport (water, rail, road) combining the specific advantages of the respective carriers.