Notes to the Separate Financial Statements for HHLA Prepared in Line with the German Commercial Code (HGB)

Unlike the Consolidated Financial Statements, the Annual Financial Statements for Hamburger Hafen und Logistik Aktiengesellschaft (HHLA AG) are not prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards (). Instead, they are based on the regulations contained in the German Commercial Code (HGB).

Company Overview

Structure and Commercial Activities

Hamburger Hafen und Logistik AG (HHLA AG) is a leading European port logistics group. HHLA AG is the parent company of the HHLA Group and runs the Group as a strategic management holding company. Its operations are carried out by the 32 domestic and 14 foreign subsidiaries that make up the consolidated group. No significant legal or organisational changes were made to the company structure in the 2016 financial year.

HHLA AG is a legally independent company and was split into two divisions – the A division and the S division – as part of the initial public offering on 2 November 2007.

The A division represents the Port Logistics subgroup. The Class A shares, which are listed on the stock exchange, entitle shareholders merely to participate in the result and net assets of these commercial operations. The performance and of the Real Estate subgroup are attributed to the S division. Class S shares are not traded on the stock exchange and are held solely by the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg (FHH). In the unlikely and unprecedented event of the Real Estate subgroup reporting a loss, this would be indirectly transferred to the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg in line with a separate agreement to assume losses.


HHLA AG had a total of 1,190 employees as of 31 December 2016 (previous year: 1,237). Of this number, 349 received wages (previous year: 363), 774 received a salary (previous year: 783) and 67 were apprentices (previous year: 91). Of the 1,190 staff members, 591 were assigned to companies within the HHLA Group in the reporting year.

Economic Environment

Industry and macroeconomic developments are largely in line with those at the HHLA Group.

Earnings Position

Key Figures

in € million













30.2 %

Other income and expenses


- 179.2


- 131.6


- 36.2 %

Operating result


- 21.3


- 10.4



Financial result


- 6.9


- 36.0


80.9 %

Result from equity investments






15.3 %

Income taxes


- 18.4


- 6.2



Net profit






63.5 %

The revenue recorded by HHLA AG resulted mainly from the charging of personnel expenses for holding company staff assigned to the spun-off Container and Logistics segments and from billing administrative services for IT systems which are pooled with HHLA AG. totalled € 157.9 million in the reporting year (previous year: € 121.2 million). The € 36.7 million increase was largely due to the restructuring of the Logistics segment and the resulting income from the termination of the lease for the Übersee-Zentrum.

Other income and expenses reduced earnings by an additional € 47.6 million compared with the previous year. This was mainly attributable to higher expenses in connection with restructuring measures in the Logistics segment as well as other income from the transfer of property, plant and equipment in the previous year.

The year-on-year improvement in the financial result resulted mainly from changes in provisions due to interest rate fluctuations.

The change in income from equity investments was mainly due to the performance of the Container segment. The net profits of HHLA’s affiliates and equity recognised in profit or loss rose by € 12.5 million to € 94.2 million (previous year: € 81.7 million).

The € 12.2 million increase in income taxes resulted mainly from a significant improvement in the financial result and income from equity investments.

The company’s annual net profit amounted to € 47.6 million in the reporting period (previous year: € 29.1 million). The A division accounted for € 38.8 million of this amount (previous year: € 22.5 million) and the S division for € 8.7 million (previous year: € 6.6 million).

Forecast and Actual Figures

in € million


Actual 2015


Forecast 2016


Actual 2016

Net profit




At previous year’s level



The differences between forecast and actual figures were mainly due to those circumstances listed in the section on the Group’s earnings position. In addition, the change to the regulation under commercial law regarding interest rates for calculating the present value of pension provisions led to a significant decline in interest expenses and therefore had a positive impact on net profit for the year. see Course of Business and Economic Situation


Balance Sheet Structure

in € million










Intangible assets and property, plant and equipment





Financial assets





Other assets





Balance sheet total










Equity and liabilities










Pension provisions





Other liabilities





Balance sheet total





Equity ratio in %





Intensity of investments in %





The carrying values of intangible assets and property, plant and equipment amounted to € 17.7 million at the end of the reporting period (previous year: € 10.6 million). Capital expenditure totalled € 10.3 million in the reporting period (previous year: € 4.2 million). Capital expenditure focused mainly on expanding the IT landscape.

Financial assets decreased slightly by € 0.7 million to € 386.7 million.

Development in Pension Provisions

in € thousand





Carrying amount on 1 January





Expense recognised in profit and loss





Pension payments


- 18,522


- 18,671

Carrying amount on 31 December





HHLA AG uses the projected unit credit method to value entitlements associated with existing pension obligations. Future obligations are projected based on past service and possible future service prior to the insured event occurring. Anticipated future pension and pay increases are also taken into account. For the first time, an average market interest rate for the past ten years of 4.01 % set by Deutsche Bundesbank was applied for the reporting year (previous year: average market interest rate for the past seven years of 3.89 %).

In accordance with Section 253 (2) sentence 2 HGB, a remaining term of 15 years is used as a basis. Pension provisions amounted to € 303.3 million at the end of the reporting period (previous year: € 313.1 million).

Financial Position

Liquidity Analysis

in € million





Financial funds as of 01.01.





Cash flow from operating activities





Cash flow from investing activities


- 9.6



Cash flow from financing activities


- 52.0


- 31.4

Financial funds as of 31.12.





of which receivables from subsidiaries





of which cash and cash equivalents





Cash flow from operating activities totalled € 67.6 million in the reporting year (previous year: € 54.4 million). It was dominated by income from equity investments. Cash flow in the reporting year was sufficient to fund capital expenditure.

In connection with existing cash pooling agreements, financial funds comprised receivables from subsidiaries in the amount of € 201.7 million (previous year: € 191.2 million), cash and cash equivalents in the form of bank balances totalling € 129.6 million (previous year: € 164.2 million) – of which € 10.0 million (previous year: € 70.0 million) was short-term bank deposits – and clearing receivables of € 74.0 million (previous year: € 43.9 million) from HGV Hamburger Gesellschaft für Vermögens- und Beteiligungsmanagement mbH, Hamburg (HGV). The S division of HHLA AG participates in the cash clearing system operated by HGV. The A division also utilises the option of investing surplus liquidity with HGV whenever this is advantageous for HHLA AG.

As expected, the financial position remained stable in the reporting period.

Risk and Opportunity Report

Business developments at HHLA AG are mostly subject to the same risks and opportunities as those of the HHLA Group. HHLA AG shares in the risks of its subsidiaries and equity in line with its respective shareholding.

As the parent company of the HHLA Group, HHLA AG is incorporated into the Group-wide risk and opportunity management system. The Risk and Opportunity Report contained in the Combined Management Report provides a description of the internal control system as required by Section 289 (5) of the German Commercial Code (HGB). see Risk and Opportunity Report

Business Forecast


Due to its close ties with the affiliated companies and its weight within the Group, the expectations for HHLA AG are reflected in the business forecast for the Group as a whole. It is anticipated that the statements made for the HHLA Group regarding market and revenue developments will largely be mirrored by the revenue of HHLA AG. Furthermore, the income from equity investments is expected to make a substantial contribution towards HHLA AG’s earnings. see Business Forecast

Expected Earnings Position in 2017

Based on the expected developments, HHLA AG anticipates net profit for the year on a par with the previous year. Potential one-off expenses for organisational restructuring in the Container segment would reduce net profit after tax by up to € 10 million.

Expected Financial Position in 2017

HHLA AG expects its financial position to remain stable.


As in the previous year, HHLA AG’s appropriation of profits is oriented towards the development of earnings in the financial year ended. The distributable profit and stable financial position provide the foundation for a continuation of the company’s consistent dividend policy.


International Financial Reporting Standards.

Financial Result

Interest income – interest expenses +/– earnings from companies accounted for using the equity method +/– other financial result.


Revenue from sales or lettings and from services rendered, less sales deductions and VAT.


Payments for investments in property, plant and equipment, investment property and intangible assets.


Payments for investments in property, plant and equipment, investment property and intangible assets.