35. Equity

Changes in the individual components of equity for the 2017 and 2016 financial years are shown in the statements of changes in equity.

Subscribed Capital

As of the balance sheet date, HHLA’s share capital consists of two different classes of share: Class A shares and Class S shares. Subscribed capital totals € 72,753 thousand, divided into 70,048,834 Class A shares and 2,704,500 Class S shares; each no-par-value share represents € 1.00 of share capital on paper.

The share capital has been fully paid in.

In the course of the stock flotation on 2 November 2007, 22,000,000 Class A shares were placed on the market. This corresponds to a free float of approx. 30 % of HHLA’s share capital.

As of the balance sheet date, the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg holds 69.58 % of the voting rights through the company HGV Hamburger Gesellschaft für Vermögens- und Beteiligungsmanagement mbH, Hamburg.

Authorised Capital

As of the balance sheet date, the company has Authorised Capital I for the issue of Class A shares and Authorised Capital II for the issue of Class S shares.

Using Authorised Capital I (cf. Section 3 (4) of the articles of association), the Executive Board is authorized, subject to the approval of the Supervisory Board, to increase the company’s share capital until 20 June 2022 by up to € 35,024,417.00 by issuing up to 35,024,417 new registered Class A shares for subscription in cash and/or in kind in one or more stages. The statutory subscription right of the holders of Class S shares shall be excluded. The Executive Board is additionally authorised, subject to the approval of the Supervisory Board, to exclude the statutory subscription rights of holders of Class A shares in those cases covered in more detail in the resolution, such as issue for contributions in kind. Furthermore, the issue of new Class A shares while excluding the subscription rights of Class A shareholders is limited to a total of 20 % of the share capital attributable to Class A shares. All Class A shares issued or that could be issued under other authorisations with the exclusion of subscription rights count towards this 20 % limit.

Using Authorised Capital II (cf. Section 3 (5) of the articles of association), the Executive Board is authorized, subject to the approval of the Supervisory Board, to increase the company’s share capital until 20 June 2022 by up to € 1,352,250.00 by issuing up to 1,352,250 new registered Class S shares for subscription in cash and/or in kind in one or more stages. The statutory subscription right of the holders of Class A shares shall be excluded. The Executive Board is authorised, with the approval of the Supervisory Board, to exclude the statutory subscription rights of holders of Class S shares as is necessary to equalise fractional amounts.

Other Authorisations

The Annual General Meeting of HHLA held on 16 June 2016 authorised the Executive Board, subject to the approval of the Supervisory Board, to issue on one or more occasions up to 16 June 2019 bearer or registered bonds with warrants and/or convertible bonds or combinations of these instruments (hereinafter known collectively as “debenture bonds”) with a total nominal value of up to € 200,000,000.00 and to grant the bearers or creditors of the debenture bonds warrants or conversion rights for up to 10,000,000 new registered Class A shares in the company, each representing € 1.00 of the share capital, subject to the detailed terms of the bonds with warrants and/or convertible bonds. The respective terms may also provide for a warrant or conversion obligation as well as an issuer put option to provide Class A shares in the company as of the end of the term or at an earlier date. The detailed terms of the resolution state that shareholders’ subscription rights may also be excluded when the debenture bonds are issued. As per Article 3 (6) of the articles of association, conditional capital of € 10,000,000.00 is available to service warrants and conversion rights and obligations as well as any tender rights. This is made up of 10,000,000 new registered Class A shares.

The Annual General Meeting held on 16 June 2016 additionally authorised the company’s Executive Board to purchase Class A treasury shares up to a maximum of 10 % of the portion of the company’s share capital accounted for by Class A shares at the time of the resolution or, if lower, at the time the authorisation is exercised. In addition to being sold on the stock exchange or offered to all shareholders in line with their shareholdings, the Class A treasury shares acquired under this authorisation or previous authorisations may – subject to the approval of the Supervisory Board – be used in the cases stipulated by the resolution excluding other shareholders’ subscription rights and/or be redeemed either in whole or in part without the need for an additional resolution by the Annual General Meeting. This authorisation expires on 15 June 2021. This authorisation may be used for any legally permissible purpose, except for trading in treasury shares.

HHLA does not currently hold any treasury shares. There are no plans to buy back shares.

Capital Reserve

The Group’s capital reserve includes premiums from share issues and the associated costs of issue, which are deducted from the capital reserve. It also comprises premiums from capital increases at subsidiaries with non-controlling interests and a reserve increase from an employee stock purchase plan.

As of the reporting date, the HHLA Group had capital reserves of € 141,584 thousand (previous year: € 141,584 thousand).

Retained Earnings

Retained earnings include net profits from prior years for companies included in the Consolidated Financial Statements, as far as these were not distributed as dividends. This item also encompasses differences between HGB and IFRS as of 1 January 2006 (the transitional date).

Other Comprehensive Income

In accordance with the currently applicable version of IAS 19 (revised 2011), the HHLA Group’s other comprehensive income includes all actuarial gains and losses from defined benefit pension plans. This item additionally comprises changes in the fair value of hedging instruments (cash flow hedges), changes in the fair value of working lifetime accounts and the corresponding tax effects.

The reserve for translation differences enables the recognition of differences arising on the translation of financial statements for foreign subsidiaries.

Non-controlling Interests

Non-controlling interests comprise outside interests in the Group companies’ consolidated equity and totalled € 30,790 thousand at the end of the financial year (previous year: € 32,094 thousand).

Non-controlling interests increased due to the inclusion of current earnings. In addition, they were reduced by the reclassification as per IAS 32 of a minority shareholder’s future estimated entitlements to financial settlements as other financial liabilities for the term of the profit and loss transfer agreement, see Note 6 and Note 38.

Notes on Capital Management

Capital management at HHLA aims to ensure the Group’s long-term financial stability and flexibility in order to safeguard the Group’s growth and enable its shareholders to participate in its success. Balance sheet equity is the primary benchmark in this regard. The key value-oriented performance indicator at the HHLA Group is the return on capital employed (ROCE). The equity ratio is also monitored in order to maintain a stable capital structure.

Equity Ratio

in %

 

31.12.2017

 

31.12.2016

Equity in € thousand

 

602,359

 

570,838

Total assets in € thousand

 

1,835,278

 

1,812,867

 

 

33 %

 

31 %

The increase in equity is primarily attributable to the development in comprehensive income less dividend distributions. As the relative increase in the balance sheet total is less pronounced than the increase in equity, the equity ratio was up slightly in a year-on-year comparison.

External minimum capital requirements were fulfilled at all agreed audit points throughout the reporting year. See Note 38 for more information.